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Pure Appl. Chem., 2012, Vol. 84, No. 3, pp. 495-508

Published online 2012-01-18

Laser electrodispersion as a new chlorine-free method for the production of highly effective metal-containing supported catalysts*

Ekaterina S. Lokteva1*, Anton A. Peristyy1, Natalia E. Kavalerskaya1, Elena V. Golubina1, Lada V. Yashina1, Tatiana N. Rostovshchikova1, Sergey A. Gurevich2, Vladimir M. Kozhevin2, Denis A. Yavsin2 and Valery V. Lunin1

1 Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
2 Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia

Abstract: Laser electrodispersion (LED) of metals is a promising technique for the preparation of heterogeneous catalysts as an alternative to wet impregnation of supports with the corresponding salt solutions. The LED technique can be used to deposit highly active chloride- and nitrate-free metal nanoparticles onto carbon or oxide supports. We report preparation and properties of new Ni-, Pd-, and Au-containing alumina-supported catalysts with low metal loadings (10–3–10–4 % mass) and their comparison with the previously studied carbon (Sibunit) supported systems. The catalysts demonstrate high stability and extremely high specific catalytic activity (by 2–3 orders of magnitude higher than for traditional catalysts) in the gas-phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of chlorobenzene (CB).
*Pure Appl. Chem. 84, 411–860 (2012). A collection of invited papers for the IUPAC project 2008-016-1-300 “Chlorine-free Synthesis for Green Chemistry”.