CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2012, Vol. 84, No. 3, pp. 485-491

Published online 2011-09-15

Green approaches to the production of iopamidol*

Pier Lucio Anelli, Marino Brocchetta, Luciano Lattuada* and Fulvio Uggeri

Bracco Imaging SpA, Bracco Research Centre, via Ribes 5, 10010 Colleretto Giacosa (TO), Italy

Abstract: Iodinated contrast agents, such as iopamidol, are worldwide employed for performing a number of X-ray diagnostic procedures. Every year, thousands of tons of iodinated contrast agents are manufactured for the market with chemical processes that usually employ thionyl chloride. In this paper, we describe two new green approaches to iopamidol that avoid or reduce the use of this noxious reagent.
*Pure Appl. Chem. 84, 411–860 (2012). A collection of invited papers for the IUPAC project 2008-016-1-300 “Chlorine-free Synthesis for Green Chemistry”.