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Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, Vol. 85, No. 3, pp. 609-631

Published online 2012-12-16


Electroanalytical chemistry for the analysis of solids: Characterization and classification (IUPAC Technical Report)

Antonio Doménech-Carbó1*, Jan Labuda2* and Fritz Scholz3*

1 Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Valencia, Dr. Moliner, 50, 46100 Burjassot (Valencia) Spain
2 Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinského 9, 81237 Bratislava, Slovakia
3 Department of Biochemistry, University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Straße 4, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany

Abstract: Solid state electroanalytical chemistry (SSEAC) deals with studies of the processes, materials, and methods specifically aimed to obtain analytical information (quantitative elemental composition, phase composition, structure information, and reactivity) on solid materials by means of electrochemical methods. The electrochemical characterization of solids is not only crucial for electrochemical applications of materials (e.g., in batteries, fuel cells, corrosion protection, electrochemical machining, etc.) but it lends itself also for providing analytical information on the structure and chemical and mineralogical composition of solid materials of all kinds such as metals and alloys, various films, conducting polymers, and materials used in nanotechnology. The present report concerns the relationships between molecular electrochemistry (i.e., solution electrochemistry) and solid state electrochemistry as applied to analysis. Special attention is focused on a critical evaluation of the different types of analytical information that are accessible by SSEAC.