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Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, Vol. 85, No. 11, pp. 2097-2116

Published online 2013-10-14

Solubility phenomena studies concerning brines in China

Pengsheng Song*, Bai Sun and Dewen Zeng

Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 810008, Xining, Qinghai, China

Abstract: Solubility equilibria are relevant to many aspects of chemistry and chemical engineering. Studies on solubility phenomena are of importance in understanding chemistry and in the development of chemical technology. Solubility equilibria are especially useful for geochemists investigating the formation and evolution of natural salt deposits. China possesses an enormous variety of such resources, including salt lakes, underground brines, oilfield brines, and natural soda and borate deposits, etc. With the ongoing economic development of China, the exploitation and comprehensive utilization of these kinds of mineral resources are making great progress. Although much research on aqueous salt systems has been published, solubility equilibria studies have long been an active research field in China. This paper presents a review of solubility research on salt/water systems, encompassing more than 200 papers from Chinese researchers.