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Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 6, pp. 1131-1186

Published online 2009-05-05

Glossary of class names of polymers based on chemical structure and molecular architecture (IUPAC Recommendations 2009)

Máximo Barón1, Karl-Heinz Hellwich2, Michael Hess3, Kazuyuki Horie4, Aubrey D. Jenkins5, Richard G. Jones6, Jaroslav Kahovec7, Pavel Kratochvíl7, W. Val Metanomski8, Werner Mormann4, Robert F. T. Stepto9, Jiří Vohlídal10 and Edward S. Wilks11

1 Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Belgrano, Villanueva 1324, 1426 Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Postfach 10 07 31, 63007 Offenbach, Germany
3 FB-8, Makromolekulare Chemie, Universität Siegen, Adolf-Reichwein-Strasse 2, D-57068 Siegen, Germany
4 University of Tokyo 6-11-21, Kozukayama, Tarumi-ku, Kobe, 655-0002, Japan
5 University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9RH, UK
6 University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NH, UK
7 Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovsky Sq. 2, 162 06 Praha 6, Czech Republic
8 Chemica Abstracts Service, P.O. Box 3012, 2540 Olentangy River Road, Columbus, OH 43210-0012, USA
9 Polymer Science and Technology Group, Manchester Material Science Centre, University of Manchester and UMIST, Grosvenor St. Manchester M1 7HS, UK
10 Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Sciences, Albertov 2030, CZ-128 40 Praha 2, Czech Republic
11 113 Meriden Drive, Canterbury Hills, Hockessin, DE 19707, USA

Abstract: This document defines class names of polymers based on the class names of starting monomers and characteristic features of the chemical constitution of polymer molecules (macromolecules), i.e., class names that have gained general acceptance in the polymer and material literature, science and technology as well as in public. The glossary is divided into three parts: Source-based class names, which identify common classes of starting monomers such as "acrylic", "diene", "phenolic", "vinylic". Class names based on chemical structure, which identify characteristic groups in the main chains (backbones) of the polymer molecules such as (i) inter-unit groups derived from functional groups, e.g., "amide", "ester", "ether"; (ii) a specific group of atoms, e.g., "alkenylene", "siloxane", "sulfone"; (iii) ring structures, e.g., "benzimidazole", "benzoxazole", "quinoxaline". Class names based on molecular architecture, which identify mainly the overall shapes of polymer molecules through the type of their graphical representation such as "linear", "branched", "dendritic", "comb". Each part of the glossary is arranged in a non-hierarchical alphabetical order. Each entry provides: (a) the polymer class name; (b) its definition; (c) specific or generic examples including IUPAC names and a structure or graphical representation; (d) relations to other polymer classes and subclasses; (e) notes on the inclusion or exclusion of borderline cases. An alphabetical index of all class names is included.