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Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 6, pp. 1123-1129

Published online 2009-05-05

Ion channel complex of antibiotics as viewed by NMR

Michio Murata*, Yusuke Kasai, Yuichi Umegawa, Naohiro Matsushita, Hiroshi Tsuchikawa, Nobuaki Matsumori and Tohru Oishi

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 1-1 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 562-0043, Japan

Abstract: Amphotericin B (AmB) exerts its pharmacological effects by forming a barrel-stave assembly in fungal membranes. To examine the interaction between AmB and ergosterol or cholesterol, 13C- and 19F-labeled covalent conjugates were prepared and subjected to solid-state NMR measurements. Using rotor-synchronous double resonance experiments such as REDOR and RDX, we estimated the distance between the fluorine atom and its nearest carbon in the heptaene moiety to be less than 8.6 Å, indicating that the B ring of ergosterol comes close to the AmB polyene moiety. Conformational search of the AmB-ergosterol conjugate using the NMR-derived constraints suggested that ergosterol molecules surround the AmB assembly in contrast to the conventional image where ergosterol is inserted into AmB molecules. AmB-AmB bimolecular interaction was examined by using 13C- and 19F-labeld AmBs in dimyritoylphosphatidylcholine membrane without sterols. 13C-19F dipolar interactions deriving from both head-to-head and head-to-tail orientations were observed in the REDOR experiments. The interactions between AmB and acyl chains of the phospholipid were also detected.