CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2004, Vol. 76, No. 1, pp. 97-104

Ultrasonically induced birefringence in polymer solutions

H. Nomura, Tatsuro Matsuoka and Shinobu Koda

Department of Natural Science, College of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Denki University, Hatoyama Hiki-Gun Saitama, 350-0394, Japan Department of Molecular Design and Engineering,Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8603, Japan

Abstract: For ultrasonically induced birefringence in polymer solutions, both the linear sinusoidal birefringence and the nonlinear stationary birefringence were observed. The sign and value of the stationary ultrasonically induced birefringence depended on the molecular structure of segment and its anisotropy in polarizability. Furthermore, no molecular weight dependence could be observed above the molecular weight 104. The theory based on the viscoelastic ones using the Rouse-Zimm model could not explain our experimental results as a whole. These results strongly suggest that the stationary ultrasonically induced birefringence should be caused by the local segmental motion of polymer chain in solution. For all polymer solutions investigated here, the stationary birefringence per ultrasonic intensity decreased with increasing frequency. This frequency dependence is not consistent with the present treatment for the ultrasonically induced birefringence.