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Pure Appl. Chem., 2002, Vol. 74, No. 1, pp. 19-24

Ruthenium catalysis in organic synthesis

Shun-Ichi Murahashi1,2*, Hikaru Takaya2 and Takeshi Naota2

1 Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University of Science, Ridaicho 1-1, Okayama 700-0005, Japan
2 Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Machikaneyama 1-3, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531, Japan

Abstract: Ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, and rhenium hydride complexes are highly useful redox Lewis acid and base catalysts. Various substrates bearing hetero atoms are activated by these catalysts and undergo reactions with either nucleophiles or electrophiles under neutral conditions. These types of catalytic reactions are described together with their application to the preparation of various biologically active compounds.