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Pure Appl. Chem., 2000, Vol. 72, No. 3, pp. 347-354

Novel reagents and reactions for drug design

T. J. Baker, Y. Rew and M. Goodman*

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0343, USA

Abstract: In this presentation, we cover new results from two of our synthetic endeavors: guanidinylation reagents and novel bridged opioids. In the first part, we describe the applications of the diurethane-triflylguanidines to prepare target bioactive structures including peptides, heterocyclic drugs, and aminoglycoside derivatives. The formation of novel guanidinoglycosides led to a family of effective binders to the RNA recognition element of the HIV-1 Rev protein. In the second part, the syntheses of sulfur and amine-bridged cyclic opioids is described. These analogs exhibit enhanced binding, both in vitro and in vivo. Specifically, H-Tyr-c[d-Vall-Gly-Phe-d/l-Alal]-OH (Vall and Alal denote the lanthionine amino acid ends linked by a monosulfide bridge) is potent and highly δ -receptor selective while Tyr-c[(Nγ CH3 )-d-A2 bu-Gly-Phe-NHCH2CH2 -] though nonselective is one of the most potent opioids prepared to date. These molecules are representative of our design of novel peptidomimetic opioids.