CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, Vol. 85, No. 1, pp. 105-113

Published online 2012-12-29

Friedman’s excess free energy and the McMillan–Mayer theory of solutions: Thermodynamics

Juan Luis Gómez-Estévez

Departament de Física Fonamental, Facultat de Física, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 645, E-08028, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract: In his version of the theory of multicomponent systems, Friedman used the analogy which exists between the virial expansion for the osmotic pressure obtained from the McMillan–Mayer (MM) theory of solutions in the grand canonical ensemble and the virial expansion for the pressure of a real gas. For the calculation of the thermodynamic properties of the solution, Friedman proposed a definition for the “excess free energy” that is a reminder of the ancient idea for the “osmotic work”. However, the precise meaning to be attached to his free energy is, within other reasons, not well defined because in osmotic equilibrium the solution is not a closed system and for a given process the total amount of solvent in the solution varies. In this paper, an analysis based on thermodynamics is presented in order to obtain the exact and precise definition for Friedman’s excess free energy and its use in the comparison with the experimental data.