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Pure Appl. Chem., 2011, Vol. 83, No. 8, pp. 1499-1506

Published online 2011-04-04

Superelectrophilic chemistry in the gas phase

Jana Roithová

Department of Organic and Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Hlavova 2030, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic

Abstract: Superelectrophilic chemistry in the gas phase is driven by the high intrinsic reactivity of dications. The formation of new doubly charged products proceeds via highly internally excited intermediates. Conditions for the formation of the doubly charged intermediates and a “cooling principle” in the reactivity of dications are explained. The reactivity is demonstrated with several examples.