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Pure Appl. Chem., 2011, Vol. 83, No. 4, pp. 931-1014

Published online 2011-03-14

Glossary of terms used in photocatalysis and radiation catalysis (IUPAC Recommendations 2011)

Silvia E. Braslavsky1*, André M. Braun2, Alberto E. Cassano3, Alexei V. Emeline4, Marta I. Litter5, Leonardo Palmisano6, Valentin N. Parmon7 and Nick Serpone8

1 Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry (formerly für Strahlenchemie), Mülheim/Ruhr, Germany
2 University of Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany
3 Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina
4 V.A. Fock Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
5 National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires, Argentina
6 University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy
7 Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk, Russia
8 Concordia University, Montreal, Canada and University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Abstract: This glossary of terms covers phenomena considered under the very wide terms photocatalysis and radiation catalysis. A clear distinction is made between phenomena related to either photochemistry and photocatalysis or radiation chemistry and radiation catalysis. The term “radiation” is used here as embracing electromagnetic radiation of all wavelengths, but in general excluding fast-moving particles. Consistent definitions are given of terms in the areas mentioned above, as well as definitions of the most important parameters used for the quantitative description of the phenomena. Terms related to the up-scaling of photocatalytic processes for industrial applications have been included. This Glossary should be used together with the Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition, IUPAC Recommendations 2006: (doi:10.1351/pac200779030293) as well as with the IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the “Gold Book”, 2006– doi:10.1351/goldbook) because many terms used in photocatalysis are defined in these documents.

Errata to this article were published in:
Pure Appl. Chem., 2011, Vol. 83, No. 5, pp. 1215