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Pure Appl. Chem., 2011, Vol. 83, No. 11, pp. 2071-2077

Published online 2011-08-17

Ball milling effect on structural and magnetic properties of Ni–Mn–Ga ferromagnetic nanoparticles

Kaliyan Vallal Peruman and Manickam Mahendran*

Smart Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai 625 015, India

Abstract: The off-stoichiometric Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic alloys are one of the active materials that are of great interest when they are ball milled into nanopowder. These powders are prospective materials for nanosystem applications. However, the properties of the nano-crystalline Ni–Mn–Ga alloys depend strongly on their structure and internal stress, which develop during the milling process. Ni–Mn–Ga nanoparticles were prepared by ball-milling method, and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques. The powders are found to be a disordered mixture structure of austenite and martensite. We calculated that an average internal stress is 0.28 to 2.05 MPa stored in the distorted lattice due to milling. Reduction in particle sizes is accompanied by increase of the lattice strain level when the milling time increases. The VSM reveals that magnetic saturation and coercivity decrease with increase of the milling duration. This phenomenon causes deterioration in the hard magnetic properties.