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Pure Appl. Chem., 2011, Vol. 83, No. 1, pp. 167-188

Published online 2010-11-10

Energy-related applications of functional porous metal–organic frameworks*

Shengqian Ma* and Le Meng

Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620, USA

Abstract: As a new type of functional materials, porous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have experienced tremendous development in the past decade. Their amenability to design, together with the functionalizable nanospace inside their frameworks, has afforded them great potential for various applications. In this review, we provide a brief summary of the current status of porous MOFs in energy-related applications, mainly, energy gas storage, CO2 capture, gas separation, catalysis, and fuel cells.
*Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 1–252 (2011). A collection of invited, peer-reviewed articles by former winners of the IUPAC Prize for Young Chemists, in celebration of the International Year of Chemistry 2011.