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Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 7, pp. 1313-1321

Published online 2009-06-29

NMR characterization and dynamics of vanadium(V) complexes with tripod (hydroquinonate/phenolate) iminodiacetate ligands in aqueous solution

Chryssoula Drouza1, Marios Stylianou2 and Anastasios D. Keramidas2*

1 Department of Agriculture Production, Biotechnology and Food Science, Cyprus University of Technology, 3603 Limasol, Cyprus
2 Department of Chemistry, University of Cyprus, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus

Abstract: Reaction of NH4VO3 with (phenolate/hydroquinonate) iminodiacetate tripod ligands in aqueous solution in the pH range 7–8 results in the isolation of three new dioxido vanadium(V) complexes, one dinuclear (NH4)4{(VVO)2[μ-bicah(6-)-N,O,O,O]}·8H2O, (H6bicah, 2,5-bis[N,N'-bis(carboxymethyl)aminomethyl]-hydroquinone), and two mononuclear (NH4)2{(VVO)2[Hcah(3-)-N,O,O,O]·2H2O, (H4cah, 2-[N,N'-bis(carboxymethyl)aminomethyl]-hydroquinone) and (NH4)2{(VVO)[Hcacp(3-)-N,O,O,O]}·4H2O, (H4cacp, 2-[N,N'-bis(carboxymethyl)aminomethyl]-4-carboxyphenol). The 51V, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra in D2O show the coordination environment of vanadium in the above complexes to be octahedral, with four out of six positions to be occupied by the two carboxylate oxygen, one hydroquinonate oxygen, and one amine nitrogen atoms of the tripod ligand. The two acetate arms are in cis position to each other. Variable-temperature 1H and 13C NMR measurements show that the complexes are kinetically labile. An intramolecular exchange that proceeds through the opening of the phenolate/hydroquinonate chelate ring has been revealed by 2D{1H} NMR EXSY (exchange spectroscopy).