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Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 11, pp. 2069-2080

Published online 2009-10-29

Carbon dioxide chemistry: Examples and challenges in chemical utilization of carbon dioxide

Liang-Nian He*, Jin-Quan Wang and Jing-Lun Wang

State Key Laboratory and Institute of Elemento-Organic Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, P. R. China

Abstract: The development of catalytic methods for chemical transformation of CO2 into useful compounds is of paramount importance from a standpoint of C1 chemistry and so-called green chemistry. The kinetic and thermodynamic stability of CO2 molecule presents significant challenges in designing efficient chemical transformations based on this potential feedstock. In this context, efforts to convert CO2 to useful chemicals will inevitably rely on its activation through molecular catalysts, particularly transition-metal catalysts. Two preparative processes employing solid catalyst or CO2-philic homogeneous catalyst were devised for environmentally benign synthesis of organic carbonates and oxazolidinones under solvent-free conditions. Those processes represent pathways for greener chemical fixations of CO2 to afford industrial useful materials such as organic carbonates and oxazolidinones with great potential applications.