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Pure Appl. Chem., 2008, Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 639-658

Self-assembly and properties of low-dimensional nanomaterials based on π-conjugated organic molecules

Jing Lv1,2, Huibiao Liu1 and Yuliang Li1

1 Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Center for Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
2 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China

Abstract: Building supramolecular architectures with well-defined shapes and functions is of great importance in materials science, nanochemistry, and biomimetic chemistry. In recent years, we have devoted much effort to the construction of well-defined supramolecular structures through noncovalent forces such as hydrogen bonding, π-stacking, metal-ligand bonds, and hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions, with the aid of functional building blocks. The morphologies and their physical properties were studied, and new methods for the construction of one-dimensional nanoscale structures have been developed. In this review, we summarize our recent studies on the design and synthesis of the supramolecular systems, as well as the physical properties of nanoscale structures.