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Pure Appl. Chem., 2007, Vol. 79, No. 9, pp. 1561-1573

Polysaccharide derivatives as useful chiral stationary phases in high-performance liquid chromatography

Xiaoming Chen1, Chiyo Yamamoto2 and Yoshio Okamoto1

1 EcoTopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
2 Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan

Abstract: The chromatographic separation of enantiomers using chiral stationary phases (CSPs) has significantly advanced. The esters and carbamates of polysaccharides coated on silica gel have been extensively studied and widely used as CSPs for high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In order to overcome the strict solvent limitation on these coated CSPs, the preparation of a new generation of CSPs consisting of immobilized polysaccharide derivatives has become increasingly important. The universal solvent compatibility of the new CSPs provides flexibility in both analytical and preparative chromatographies.