CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2007, Vol. 79, No. 4, pp. 593-602

Mitsoamide: A cytotoxic linear lipopeptide from the Madagascar marine cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp.

Eric H. Andrianasolo1, Douglas Goeger1 and William H. Gerwick1,2

1 College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
2 Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA

Abstract: A new cytotoxic and linear peptide (IC50 460 nM to NCI-H460 human lung tumor cells) was isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. The planar structure of mitsoamide was deduced by 1D and 2D NMR experiments in combination with MS analyses. The structure of mitsoamide contains an unusual polyketide unit (3,7-dimethoxy-5-methyl-nonanedioic acid, DMNA), incorporates a homolysine (HomoLys) residue and possesses a highly unusual piperidine aminal moiety. The configurations of the relatively common amino acids present in mitsoamide (Ala, Ile, N-Me-Ile, Phe, Val) were determined by chiral HPLC analysis of the acid hydrolysate.