CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2007, Vol. 79, No. 11, pp. 1983-1997

International biorefinery systems

Birgit Kamm1 and Michael Kamm2

1 Research Institute Bioactive Polymer Systems e.V. and Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Kantstrasse 55, D-14513 Teltow, Germany
2 GmbH, Stiftstrasse 2, D-14471 Potsdam, Germany

Abstract: The development of biorefineries represents the key for access to an integrated production of food, feed, chemicals, materials, goods, and fuels of the future [1]. Biorefineries combine the necessary technologies of the biogenic raw materials with those of intermediates and final products. The main focus is directed on the precursor carbohydrates, lignins, oils, and proteins, and the combination between biotechnological and chemical conversion of substances. Currently, the lignocellulosic feedstock (LCF) biorefinery, green biorefinery, whole-crop biorefinery, and the so-called two-platform concept are favored in research, development, and industrial implementation.