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Pure Appl. Chem., 2006, Vol. 78, No. 8, pp. 1611-1617

Specific ion effects in liquids, in biological systems, and at interfaces

Werner Kunz

Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, University of Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany

Abstract: A short review is given of current knowledge of ion effects in solutions, at interfaces, and in complex colloidal systems. Further to some key experiments, recent and new theoretical approaches are discussed and references of most important papers are given. Finally, an example of a dissipative, self-organizing system involving electrolyte solutions is mentioned.