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Pure Appl. Chem., 2006, Vol. 78, No. 6, pp. 1203-1211

Swift chemical sputtering of covalently bonded materials

K. Nordlund1, E. Salonen2, A. V. Krasheninnikov1 and J. Keinonen1

1 Accelerator Laboratory, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 43, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland
2 Laboratory of Physics and Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 1100, FIN-02015 HUT, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Lasa A, Schmid K, Nordlund K: Modelling of W–Be mixed material sputtering under D irradiation. Phys. Scr. 2014, T159, 014059. <>
  • Huber Stefan E., Hell Tobias, Probst Michael, Ostermann Alexander: Numerical investigation of the elastic scattering of hydrogen (isotopes) and helium at graphite (0001) surfaces at beam energies of 1 to 4 eV using a split-step Fourier method. Theor Chem Acc 2013, 132. <>
  • Huber Stefan E., Probst Michael: Modeling the intrusion of molecules into graphite: Origin and shape of the barriers. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2013. <>
  • Björkas C., Borodin D., Kirschner A., Janev R.K., Nishijima D., Doerner R., Nordlund K.: Multiscale modeling of BeD release and transport in PISCES-B. Journal of Nuclear Materials 2013, 438, S276. <>
  • Björkas C., Nordlund K.: Variables affecting simulated Be sputtering yields. Journal of Nuclear Materials 2013, 439, 174. <>
  • Huber Stefan E., Mauracher Andreas, Probst Michael: Permeation of low-Z atoms through carbon sheets: Density functional theory study on energy barriers and deformation effects. AIP Advances 2013, 3, 122104. <>
  • Björkas C, Borodin D, Kirschner A, Janev R K, Nishijima D, Doerner R, Nordlund K: Molecules can be sputtered also from pure metals: sputtering of beryllium hydride by fusion plasma–wall interactions. Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 2013, 55, 074004. <>
  • Lasa A., Björkas C., Vörtler K., Nordlund K.: MD simulations of low energy deuterium irradiation on W, WC and surfaces. Journal of Nuclear Materials 2012, 429, 284. <>
  • Hansen T. A. R., Weber J. W., Colsters P. G. J., Mestrom D. M. H. G., van de Sanden M. C. M., Engeln R.: Synergistic etch rates during low-energetic plasma etching of hydrogenated amorphous carbon. J. Appl. Phys. 2012, 112, 013302. <>
  • Mehine M., Björkas C., Vörtler K., Nordlund K., Airila M.I.: Modelling the erosion of beryllium carbide surfaces. J  Nucl Mater 2011, 414, 1. <>
  • Nordlund K., Björkas C., Vörtler K., Meinander A., Lasa A., Mehine M., Krasheninnikov A.V.: Mechanism of swift chemical sputtering: Comparison of Be/C/W dimer bond breaking. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 2011, 269, 1257. <>
  • Marian Jaime: Generation of an amorphous graphite substrate by cumulative deuterium bombardment using molecular dynamics with full nonbonded interactions. J Appl Phys 2011, 109, 063501. <>
  • Wirth B.D., Nordlund K., Whyte D.G., Xu D.: Fusion materials modeling: Challenges and opportunities. MRS Bull 2011, 36, 216. <>
  • Björkas C, Henriksson K O E, Probst M, Nordlund K: A Be–W interatomic potential. J Phys Condens Matter 2010, 22, 352206. <>
  • Björkas C, Vörtler K, Nordlund K, Nishijima D, Doerner R: Chemical sputtering of Be due to D bombardment. New J Phys 2009, 11, 123017. <>
  • Maya P N, Toussaint U von, Hopf C: Synergistic erosion process of hydrocarbon films: a molecular dynamics study. New J Phys 2008, 10, 023002. <>
  • Träskelin P., Nordlund K., Keinonen J.: H, He, Ne, Ar-bombardment of amorphous hydrocarbon structures. J  Nucl Mater 2006, 357, 1. <>