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Pure Appl. Chem., 2006, Vol. 78, No. 11, pp. 2075-2154


Glossary of terms relating to pesticides (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)

Gerald R. Stephenson1, Ian G. Ferris2, Patrick T. Holland3 and Monica Nordberg4

1 Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
2 FAO/IAEA Programme, Vienna, Austria
3 Cawthron Institute, Nelson, New Zealand
4 Karolinska Institutet, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: The glossary contains definitions of more than 500 terms frequently used in relation to the chemistry, mode of action, regulation, and use of pesticides. A wide range of disciplines is involved in this field, and the glossary was developed as a step in facilitating communication among researchers, government regulatory authorities, and chemists in associated professional areas. The range of terms relates to pesticide residue analysis, sampling for analysis, good laboratory practice, metabolism, environmental fate, effects on ecosystems, computer simulation models, toxicology, and risk assessment. The number of important, "pesticide-related" terms has more than doubled since 1996, when the first IUPAC glossary of this type was developed, an indication of how this field has become so integrated with many other scientific and regulatory disciplines.