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Pure Appl. Chem., 2006, Vol. 78, No. 10, pp. 1835-1842

Design of high-performance holographic gratings using siloxane-containing mesogenic compounds

Yusuke Kawakami, Man He and Yeong Hee Cho

School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Asahidai 1-1, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1292, Japan

Fine holographic gratings were fabricated using siloxane- and mesogen-containing compounds. A grating with 40 % diffraction efficiency was formed with 10 wt % non-liquid-crystalline 4-methoxyphenyl 4-[4-(pentamethyldisiloxanyl)butoxy]benzoate and trimethylolpropane triacrylate. 4-Methoxyphenyl 4-[4-(1,1,3,3,5,5,5-heptamethyltrisiloxan-1-yl)butoxy]-benzoate gave 50 % diffraction efficiency and angular selectivity of 5°.
Siloxane-containing liquid-crystalline compounds were also effective in fabricating fine gratings. These compounds induced distinct phase separation over a concentration range from 6 to 20 wt % in the formation of holographic gratings. The use of ring-opening polymerizable bifunctional epoxides as one of the reactive cross-linking matrix components, together with penta- or tetra-acrylate initiated by 3,3'-carbonylbis(7-diethylaminocoumarin)diphenyliodonium hexafluorophosphate, greatly improved the diffraction efficiency.
Fine gratings with 70 and 78 % diffraction efficiency and angular selectivity of 5° were formed with 10 wt % 4-cyano-4'-[(5-heptamethyltrisiloxan-1-yl)pentyloxy]-biphenyl and 4-cyanophenyl 4-[(5-heptamethyltrisiloxan-1-yl)pentyloxy]benzoate using pentaerythritol pentaacrylate-neopentylglycol diglycidyl ether-tripropylene glycol diacrylate (4:5:1) as the polymer matrix component.