CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2005, Vol. 77, No. 11, pp. 1965-1983


Nonspecific sensor arrays ("electronic tongue") for chemical analysis of liquids (IUPAC Technical Report)

Yu. Vlasov1*, A. Legin1, A. Rudnitskaya1, C. Di Natale2 and A. D'Amico2

1 Chemistry Department, St. Petersburg University, Universitetskaya nab. 7/9, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
2 Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", via di Tor Vergata, Rome 00133, Italy

CrossRef Cited-by theme picture

CrossRef Cited-by Linking

  • Medina-Plaza C., de Saja J.A., Rodriguez-Mendez M.L.: Bioelectronic tongue based on lipidic nanostructured layers containing phenol oxidases and lutetium bisphthalocyanine for the analysis of grapes. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2014, 57, 276. <>
  • Kang Bo-Sik, Lee Jang-Eun, Park Hyun-Jin: Electronic tongue-based discrimination of Korean rice wines (makgeolli) including prediction of sensory evaluation and instrumental measurements. Food Chemistry 2014, 151, 317. <>
  • Pushkarova Yaroslava, Kholin Yuriy: A procedure for meaningful unsupervised clustering and its application for solvent classification. cent.eur.j.chem. 2014, 12, 594. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Céspedes Francisco, del Valle Manel: Assessment of Individual Polyphenol Content in Beer by Means of a Voltammetric BioElectronic Tongue. Electroanalysis 2013, 25, 68. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Céspedes Francisco, Valle Manel: Comparison of methods for the processing of voltammetric electronic tongues data. Microchim Acta 2013, 180, 319. <>
  • Paterno Leonardo G., Soler Maria A. G.: Layer-by-Layer Enabled Nanomaterials for Chemical Sensing and Energy Conversion. JOM 2013, 65, 709. <>
  • Ariza-Avidad M., Cuellar M.P., Salinas-Castillo A., Pegalajar M.C., Vuković J., Capitán-Vallvey L.F.: Feasibility of the use of disposable optical tongue based on neural networks for heavy metal identification and determination. Analytica Chimica Acta 2013, 783, 56. <>
  • Peris Miguel, Escuder-Gilabert Laura: On-line monitoring of food fermentation processes using electronic noses and electronic tongues: A review. Analytica Chimica Acta 2013, 804, 29. <>
  • Liu Qingjun, Zhang Fenni, Zhang Diming, Hu Ning, Wang Hua, Jimmy Hsia K., Wang Ping: Bioelectronic tongue of taste buds on microelectrode array for salt sensing. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2013, 40, 115. <>
  • Liu Qingjun, Zhang Fenni, Zhang Diming, Hu Ning, Hsia K. Jimmy, Wang Ping: Extracellular potentials recording in intact taste epithelium by microelectrode array for a taste sensor. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2013, 43, 186. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Gutiérrez-Capitán Manuel, Calvo Daniel, del Valle Manel: Beer classification by means of a potentiometric electronic tongue. Food Chemistry 2013, 141, 2533. <>
  • Nuñez L., Cetó X., Pividori M.I., Zanoni M.V.B., del Valle M.: Development and application of an electronic tongue for detection and monitoring of nitrate, nitrite and ammonium levels in waters. Microchemical Journal 2013, 110, 273. <>
  • Lvova Larisa, Di Natale Corrado, Paolesse Roberto: Porphyrin-based chemical sensors and multisensor arrays operating in the liquid phase. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2013, 179, 21. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, O’ Mahony Aoife M., Wang Joseph, del Valle Manel: Simultaneous identification and quantification of nitro-containing explosives by advanced chemometric data treatment of cyclic voltammetry at screen-printed electrodes. Talanta 2013, 107, 270. <>
  • Wilson D., del Valle M., Alegret S., Valderrama C., Florido A.: Simultaneous and automated monitoring of the multimetal biosorption processes by potentiometric sensor array and artificial neural network. Talanta 2013, 114, 17. <>
  • Raud Merlin, Kikas Timo: Bioelectronic tongue and multivariate analysis: A next step in BOD measurements. Water Research 2013, 47, 2555. <>
  • Smyth Heather, Cozzolino Daniel: Instrumental Methods (Spectroscopy, Electronic Nose, and Tongue) As Tools To Predict Taste and Aroma in Beverages: Advantages and Limitations. Chem. Rev. 2013, 113, 1429. <>
  • Hänninen Pekka E., Siivonen Joonas J., Väisänen Pave I., Tiittanen Satu A., Lehmusto Mirva M., Teimonen Timo, Törnkvist Niklas, Sandell Mari A., Knaapila Antti J., Mundill Paul, Härmä Harri J.: Fuzzy Liquid Analysis by an Array of Nonspecifically Interacting Reagents: The Taste of Fluorescence. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 7422. <>
  • Gutiérrez-Capitán Manuel, Santiago José-Luis, Vila-Planas Jordi, Llobera Andreu, Boso Susana, Gago Pilar, Martínez María-Carmen, Jiménez-Jorquera Cecilia: Classification and Characterization of Different White Grape Juices by Using a Hybrid Electronic Tongue. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2013, 61, 9325. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Llobet Matias, Marco Joan, Valle Manel del: Application of an electronic tongue towards the analysis of brandies. Anal. Methods 2013, 5, 1120. <>
  • Panteleimonov A. V., Kholin Yu. V.: Algorithm of object identification in qualitative chemical analysis based on fuzzy similarity criteria. J Anal Chem 2013, 68, 942. <>
  • Medina-Plaza Cristina, Revilla Gema, Muñoz Raquel, Fernández-Escudero José Antonio, Barajas Enrique, Medrano Germán, de Saja José Antonio, Rodriguez-Mendez Maria Luz: Electronic tongue formed by sensors and biosensors containing phthalocyanines as electron mediators: Application to the analysis of red grapes. J. Porphyrins Phthalocyanines 2013, 1. <>
  • Pushkarova Ya. N., Sledzevskaya A. B., Panteleimonov A. V., Titova N. P., Yurchenko O. I., Ivanov V. V., Kholin Yu. V.: Identification of water samples from different springs and rivers of Kharkiv: Comparison of methods for multivariate data analysis. Moscow Univ. Chem. Bull. 2013, 68, 60. <>
  • Wilson Deivy, Gutiérrez Juan Manuel, Alegret Salvador, del Valle Manel: Simultaneous Determination of Zn(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) in Soil Samples Employing an Array of Potentiometric Sensors and an Artificial Neural Network Model. Electroanalysis 2012, n/a. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Gutiérrez Juan Manuel, Gutiérrez Manuel, Céspedes Francisco, Capdevila Josefina, Mínguez Santiago, Jiménez-Jorquera Cecilia, del Valle Manel: Determination of total polyphenol index in wines employing a voltammetric electronic tongue. Analytica Chimica Acta 2012, 732, 172. <>
  • Shirmardi-Dezaki Abbas, Shamsipur Mojtaba, Akhond Morteza, Sharghi Hashem, Doroodmand Mohammad Mahdi: Array of potentiometric sensors for simultaneous determination of copper, silver, and cadmium ions in complex mixtures. Elctrochim Acta 2012, 62, 84. <>
  • Molina M.A., Rivarola C.R., Barbero C.A.: Study on partition and release of molecules in superabsorbent thermosensitive nanocomposites. Poly 2012, 53, 445. <>
  • Kiranmayee A.H., Panchariya P.C., Sharma A.L.: New data reduction algorithm for voltammetric signals of electronic tongue for discrimination of liquids. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 2012, 187, 154. <>
  • Wilson D., del Valle M., Alegret S., Valderrama C., Florido A.: Potentiometric electronic tongue-flow injection analysis system for the monitoring of heavy metal biosorption processes. Talanta 2012, 93, 285. <>
  • Lvova Larisa, Denis Sylvain, Barra Aurélien, Mielle Patrick, Salles Christian, Vergoignan Catherine, Di Natale Corrado, Paolesse Roberto, Temple-Boyer Pierre, Feron Gilles: Salt release monitoring with specific sensors in “in vitro” oral and digestive environments from soft cheeses. Talanta 2012, 97, 171. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Céspedes Francisco, del Valle Manel: BioElectronic Tongue for the quantification of total polyphenol content in wine. Talanta 2012, 99, 544. <>
  • Cheli Federica, Battaglia Debora, Pinotti Luciano, Baldi Antonella: State of the Art in Feedstuff Analysis: A Technique-Oriented Perspective. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2012, 60, 9529. <>
  • Cetó Xavier, Céspedes Francisco, Pividori Maria Isabel, Gutiérrez Juan Manuel, del Valle Manel: Resolution of phenolic antioxidant mixtures employing a voltammetric bio-electronic tongue. Analyst (Cambridge UK) 2012, 137, 349. <>
  • Wang Jingyi, Diao Peng, Zhang Qi: Dual detection strategy for electrochemical analysis of glucose and nitrite using a partitionally modified electrode. Analyst (Cambridge UK) 2012, 137, 145. <>
  • Bueno Lígia, Paixão Thiago R. L. C.: A Single Platinum Microelectrode for Identifying Soft Drink Samples. International Journal of Electrochemistry 2012, 2012, 1. <>
  • del Valle Manel: Sensor Arrays and Electronic Tongue Systems. International Journal of Electrochemistry 2012, 2012, 1. <>
  • Hilding-Ohlsson Astrid, Fauerbach Jonathan A., Sacco Natalia J., Bonetto M. Celina, Cortón Eduardo: Voltamperometric Discrimination of Urea and Melamine Adulterated Skimmed Milk Powder. Sensors 2012, 12, 12220. <>
  • Bellan Leon M., Wu Diana, Langer Robert S.: Current trends in nanobiosensor technology. WIREs Nanmed Nanobiotech 2011, 3, 229. <>
  • Erenas M.M., Piñeiro O., Pegalajar M.C., Cuellar M.P., de Orbe-Payá I., Capitán-Vallvey L.F.: A surface fit approach with a disposable optical tongue for alkaline ion analysis. Analytica Chimica Acta 2011, 694, 128. <>
  • Musgraves J.D., Carlie N., Hu J., Petit L., Agarwal A., Kimerling L.C., Richardson K.A.: Comparison of the optical, thermal and structural properties of Ge–Sb–S thin films deposited using thermal evaporation and pulsed laser deposition techniques. Acta Mater 2011, 59, 5032. <>
  • Bhondekar Amol P., Kaur Rishemjit, Kumar Ritesh, Vig Renu, Kapur Pawan: A novel approach using Dynamic Social Impact Theory for optimization of impedance-Tongue (iTongue). CHEM INTELL 2011, 109, 65. <>
  • Pigani L., Culetu A., Ulrici A., Foca G., Vignali M., Seeber R.: Pedot modified electrodes in amperometric sensing for analysis of red wine samples. Food Chem 2011, 129, 226. <>
  • Prieto N., Gay M., Vidal S., Aagaard O., de Saja J.A., Rodriguez-Mendez M.L.: Analysis of the influence of the type of closure in the organoleptic characteristics of a red wine by using an electronic panel. Food Chemistry 2011, 129, 589. <>
  • Novakowski Wander, Bertotti Mauro, Paixão Thiago R.L.C.: Use of copper and gold electrodes as sensitive elements for fabrication of an electronic tongue: Discrimination of wines and whiskies. Microchemical Journal 2011, 99, 145. <>
  • Dias L.G., Peres A.M., Barcelos T.P., Sá Morais J., Machado A.A.S.C.: Semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis of soft drinks using an electronic tongue. Sens Actuators B 2011, 154, 111. <>
  • Gutiérrez Manuel, Domingo Carme, Vila-Planas Jordi, Ipatov Andrey, Capdevila Fina, Demming Stefanie, Büttgenbach Stephanus, Llobera Andreu, Jiménez-Jorquera Cecilia: Hybrid electronic tongue for the characterization and quantification of grape variety in red wines. Sens Actuators B 2011, 156, 695. <>
  • Cole Marina, Covington James A., Gardner Julian W.: Combined electronic nose and tongue for a flavour sensing system. Sens Actuators B 2011, 156, 832. <>
  • Martinez-Olmos A., Capel-Cuevas S., López-Ruiz N., Palma A.J., de Orbe I., Capitán-Vallvey L.F.: Sensor array-based optical portable instrument for determination of pH. Sens Actuators B 2011, 156, 840. <>
  • Erenas M.M., Pegalajar M.C., Cuellar M.P., de Orbe-Payá I., Capitán-Vallvey L.F.: Disposable optical tongue for alkaline ion analysis. Sens Actuators B 2011, 156, 976. <>
  • Calvo Daniel, Tort Núria, Pablo Salvador J., Marco M.-Pilar, Centi Fabiana, Marco Santiago: Preliminary study for simultaneous detection and quantification of androgenic anabolic steroids using ELISA and pattern recognition techniques. Anal 2011, 136, 4045. <>
  • Ruiz N López, Ariza M, Olmos A Martínez, Vukovic J, Palma A J, Capitan-Vallvey L F: Handheld colorimeter for determination of heavy metal concentrations. Conf Series 2011, 307, 012037. <>
  • Wilson Deivy, Abbas Mohammed N., Radwan Abdel Latief A., Valle Manel del: Potentiometric Electronic Tongue to Resolve Mixtures of Sulfide and Perchlorate Anions. Sensors 2011, 11, 3214. <>
  • Valle Manel del: Bioinspired Sensor Systems. Sensors 2011, 11, 10180. <>
  • Men Hong, Zhang Ping, Zhang Caiwa, Wen Ruixia, Ge Zongnian: An Electronic Tongue System for Recognition of Mineral Water Based On Principle Component Analysis and Wavelet Neural Network. JCP 2011, 6. <>
  • del Valle Manel: Electronic Tongues Employing Electrochemical Sensors. Electroanalysis (N Y ) 2010, 22, 1539. <>
  • Gutiérrez Juan Manuel, Moreno-Barón Laura, Pividori Maria Isabel, Alegret Salvador, Valle Manel: A voltammetric electronic tongue made of modified epoxy-graphite electrodes for the qualitative analysis of wine. Microchim Acta 2010, 169, 261. <>
  • Apetrei C., Apetrei I.M., Villanueva S., de Saja J.A., Gutierrez-Rosales F., Rodriguez-Mendez M.L.: Combination of an e-nose, an e-tongue and an e-eye for the characterisation of olive oils with different degree of bitterness. Analytica Chimica Acta 2010, 663, 91. <>
  • Bratov A., Abramova N., Ipatov A.: Recent trends in potentiometric sensor arrays—A review. Analytica Chimica Acta 2010, 678, 149. <>
  • Gay M., Apetrei C., Nevares I., del Alamo M., Zurro J., Prieto N., De Saja J.A., Rodríguez-Méndez M.L.: Application of an electronic tongue to study the effect of the use of pieces of wood and micro-oxygenation in the aging of red wine. Electrochimica Acta 2010, 55, 6782. <>
  • Arrieta Álvaro A., Rodríguez-Méndez María L., de Saja José A., Blanco Carlos A., Nimubona Dieudonné: Prediction of bitterness and alcoholic strength in beer using an electronic tongue. Food Chem 2010, 123, 642. <>
  • Anzenbacher, Jr. Pavel, Lubal Přemysl, Buček Pavel, Palacios Manuel A., Kozelkova Maria E.: A practical approach to optical cross-reactive sensor arrays. Chem Soc Rev 2010, 39, 3954. <>
  • Gutiérrez Manuel, Llobera Andreu, Vila-Planas Jordi, Capdevila Fina, Demming Stefanie, Büttgenbach Stephanus, Mínguez Santiago, Jiménez-Jorquera Cecilia: Hybrid electronic tongue based on optical and electrochemical microsensors for quality control of wine. Analyst 2010, 135, 1718. <>
  • Riul Jr. Antonio, Dantas Cléber A. R., Miyazaki Celina M., Oliveira Jr. Osvaldo N.: Recent advances in electronic tongues. Analyst 2010, 135, 2481. <>
  • Kobayashi Yoshikazu, Habara Masaaki, Ikezazki Hidekazu, Chen Ronggang, Naito Yoshinobu, Toko Kiyoshi: Advanced Taste Sensors Based on Artificial Lipids with Global Selectivity to Basic Taste Qualities and High Correlation to Sensory Scores. Sensors 2010, 10, 3411. <>
  • Gismera Ma Jesús, Arias Sandra, Sevilla Ma Teresa, Procopio Jesús R.: Simultaneous Quantification of Heavy Metals Using a Solid State Potentiometric Sensor Array. Electroanalysis (N Y ) 2009, 21, 979. <>
  • Zeravik Jiri, Hlavacek Antonin, Lacina Karel, Skládal Petr: State of the Art in the Field of Electronic and Bioelectronic Tongues – Towards the Analysis of Wines. Electroanalysis (N Y ) 2009, 21, 2509. <>
  • Oliveri Paolo, Baldo M. Antonietta, Daniele Salvatore, Forina Michele: Development of a voltammetric electronic tongue for discrimination of edible oils. Anal Bioanal Chem 2009, 395, 1135. <>
  • Olivati Clarissa A., Riul Antonio, Balogh Débora T., Oliveira Osvaldo N., Ferreira Marystela: Detection of phenolic compounds using impedance spectroscopy measurements. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 2009, 32, 41. <>
  • Rehman Abdul, Iqbal Naseer, Lieberzeit Peter A., Dickert Franz L.: Multisensor biomimetic systems with fully artificial recognition strategies in food analysis. Monatshefte für Chemie 2009, 140, 931. <>
  • Pigani L., Foca G., Ulrici A., Ionescu K., Martina V., Terzi F., Vignali M., Zanardi C., Seeber R.: Classification of red wines by chemometric analysis of voltammetric signals from PEDOT-modified electrodes. Analytica Chimica Acta 2009, 643, 67. <>
  • Kukla A.L., Pavluchenko A.S., Shirshov Yu.M., Konoshchuk N.V., Posudievsky O.Yu.: Application of sensor arrays based on thin films of conducting polymers for chemical recognition of volatile organic solvents. Actuat B 2009, 135, 541. <>
  • Darder Margarita, Valera Andrés, Nieto Ernesto, Colilla Montserrat, Fernández Carlos J., Romero-Aranda Remedios, Cuartero Jesús, Ruiz-Hitzky Eduardo: Multisensor device based on Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) for monitoring nutrient solutions in fertigation. Actuat B 2009, 135, 530. <>
  • Twomey K., de Eulate E. Alvarez, Alderman J., Arrigan D.W.M.: Fabrication and characterization of a miniaturized planar voltammetric sensor array for use in an electronic tongue. Actuat B 2009, 140, 532. <>
  • Bunz Uwe H. F., McGrier Psaras L., Solntsev Kyril M., Miao Shaobin, Tolbert Laren M., Miranda Oscar R., Rotello Vincent M.: Hydroxycruciforms: Amine-Responsive Fluorophores. Chem Eur J 2008, 14, 4503. <>
  • Dias Luís A., Peres António M., Vilas-Boas Miguel, Rocha Maria A., Estevinho Letícia, Machado Adélio A. S. C.: An electronic tongue for honey classification. Microchim Acta 2008, 163, 97. <>
  • Paolesse Roberto, Lvova Larisa, Nardis Sara, Di Natale Corrado, D’Amico Arnaldo, Lo Castro Fabio: Chemical images by porphyrin arrays of sensors. Microchim Acta 2008, 163, 103. <>
  • Pigani L., Foca G., Ionescu K., Martina V., Ulrici A., Terzi F., Vignali M., Zanardi C., Seeber R.: Amperometric sensors based on poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-modified electrodes: Discrimination of white wines. Analytica Chimica Acta 2008, 614, 213. <>
  • Llobet Eduard, Brezmes Jesús, Aristoy M.-Concepción, Toldrá Fidel, Gil Luis, Barat José M., Garcia-Breijo Eduardo, Ibañez Javier, Martínez-Máñez Ramón, Soto Juan: Fish freshness analysis using metallic potentiometric electrodes. Actuat B 2008, 131, 362. <>
  • Moreno i Codinachs Lia, Kloock Joachim P., Schöning Michael J., Baldi Antoni, Ipatov Andrey, Bratov Andrey, Jiménez-Jorquera Cecilia: Electronic integrated multisensor tongue applied to grape juice and wine analysis. Analyst 2008, 133, 1440. <>
  • Gutiérrez Manuel, Gutiérrez Juan Manuel, Alegret Salvador, Leija Lorenzo, Hernández Pablo Rogelio, Favari Liliana, Muñoz Roberto, Valle Manuel Del: Remote environmental monitoring employing a potentiometric electronic tongue. Int J Environ Anal Chem 2008, 88, 103. <>
  • Chang Chew-Cheen, Saad Bahruddin, Surif Misni, Ahmad Mohd Noor, Md Shakaff Ali Yeon: Disposable E-Tongue for the Assessment of Water Quality in Fish Tanks. Sensors 2008, 8, 3665. <>
  • Calvo Daniel, Größl Michael, Cortina Montserrat, del Valle Manuel: Automated SIA System Using an Array of Potentiometric Sensors for Determining Alkaline-Earth Ions in Water. Electroanalysis (N Y ) 2007, 19, 644. <>
  • Martina V., Ionescu K., Pigani L., Terzi F., Ulrici A., Zanardi C., Seeber R.: Development of an electronic tongue based on a PEDOT-modified voltammetric sensor. Anal Bioanal Chem 2007, 387, 2101. <>
  • Calvo Daniel, Durán Alejandro, del Valle Manel: Use of sequential injection analysis to construct an electronic-tongue. Analytica Chimica Acta 2007, 600, 97. <>
  • Gutés A., Céspedes F., del Valle M.: Electronic tongues in flow analysis. Analytica Chimica Acta 2007, 600, 90. <>
  • Schäfer Dominik, Maciejewska Monika, Schuhmann Wolfgang: SECM visualization of spatial variability of enzyme–polymer spots. Biosensors bioelectronics 2007, 22, 1887. <>
  • Calvo Daniel, del Valle Manuel: Simultaneous titration of ternary alkaline–earth mixtures employing a potentiometric electronic tongue. Microchim J 2007, 87, 27. <>
  • Lavigne John J.: Artificial tongues: Tastes good to me. Nat Mater 2007, 6, 548. <>
  • Ciosek Patrycja, Wróblewski Wojciech: Sensor arrays for liquid sensing – electronic tongue systems. Analyst 2007, 132, 963. <>
  • Nelson Toby L., Tran Ivy, Ingallinera Tim G., Maynor Marc S., Lavigne John J.: Multi-layered analyses using directed partitioning to identify and discriminate between biogenic amines. Analyst 2007, 132, 1024. <>
  • Calvo Daniel, Bartrolí Jordi, del Valle Manuel: Multicomponent Titration of Calcium + Magnesium Mixtures Employing a Potentiometric Electronic‐Tongue. Anal Lett 2007, 40, 1579. <>
  • Abu-Khalaf Nawaf, Lønsmann Iversen Jens Jørgen: Calibration of a Sensor Array (an Electronic Tongue) for Identification and Quantification of Odorants from Livestock Buildings. Sensors 2007, 7, 103. <>
  • Abu-Khalaf Nawaf, Lønsmann Iversen Jens Jørgen: Classification of Mixtures of Odorants from Livestock Buildings by a Sensor Array (an Electronic Tongue). Sensors 2007, 7, 129. <>
  • Verrelli Giorgio, Lvova Larisa, Paolesse Roberto, Di Natale Corrado, D'Amico Arnaldo: Metalloporphyrin - based Electronic Tongue: an Application for the Analysis of Italian White wines. Sensors 2007, 7, 2750. <>
  • Anzenbacher Pavel, Nishiyabu Ryuhei, Palacios Manuel A.: N-confused calix[4]pyrroles. Coord Chem Rev - 2006, 250, 2929. <>