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Pure Appl. Chem., 2004, Vol. 76, No. 7-8, pp. 1365-1374

Composite tectocapsules via the self-assembly of functionalized poly(divinylbenzene) microspheres

L. M. Croll and H. D. H. Stöver

Department of Chemistry, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1, Canada

Abstract: Poly(divinylbenzene-55)[poly(DVB-55] microspheres were used as building blocks to form polymer capsule walls consisting of interconnected microspheres. The microspheres had to be surface-functionalized with maleic acid to facilitate their interfacial assembly. In addition, porous and functionalized poly(DVB-55) microspheres were embedded across interfacial polyurea capsule membranes to form composite tectocapsules where release of core materials is designed to occur through the microsphere pores, rather than by conventional wall diffusion. Electron microscopy and X-ray spectromicroscopy were used to characterize the wall compositions, and release data are presented to illustrate the role of microspheres acting as release portals.