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Pure Appl. Chem., 2002, Vol. 74, No. 10, pp. 1909-1920

Solid–liquid equilibria in mixtures of molten salt hydrates for the design of heat storage materials

W. Voigt and D. Zeng

TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger Strasse 29, D-09596 Freiberg, Germany

Enthalpy of melting can be used to store heat in a simple way for time periods of hours and days. Knowledge of the solid –liquid equilibria represents the most important presumption for systematic evaluations of the suitability of hydrated salt mixtures. In this paper, two approaches for predicting solid–liquid equilibria in ternary or higher component systems are discussed using the limited amount of thermodynamic data available for such systems. One method is based on the modified Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) model as formulated by Ally and Braunstein.
In cases of a strong tendency toward complex formation of salt components, the BET model is no longer applicable. Reaction chain models have been used to treat such systems. Thereby, the reaction chain represents a method to correlate step-wise hydration or complexation enthalpies and entropies and, thus, reduce the number of adjustable parameters. Results are discussed for systems containing MgCl2, CaCl2, ZnCl2, and alkali metal chlorides.