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Pure Appl. Chem., 2001, Vol. 73, No. 3, pp. 425-430

Conjugated polymers. New materials for optoelectronic devices

R. H. Friend

Cavendish Laboratory, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK

Abstract: Conjugated polymers now provide a class of processible, film-forming semiconductors and metals. We have worked on the development of the semiconductor physics of these materials by using them as the active components in a range of semiconductor devices. Polymer light-emitting diodes show particular promise, and recent developments in color range (red, green, and blue), efficiency (above 20 lumen/W for green emitters), and operating lifetime are discussed. Progress on their application to displays, with integration with active-matrix TFT drive, and with patterned deposition using inkjet printing techniques is also reviewed. The role played by interfaces between electrode and semiconducting polymer is also discussed.