CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 1989, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 187-210


Chemical actinometry

H. J. Kuhn, S. E. Braslavsky and R. Schmidt

CrossRef Cited-by theme picture

CrossRef Cited-by Linking

  • Ghosh Kaushik, Kumar Sushil, Kumar Rajan: Ruthenium-Nitrosyl Complexes Derived from Ligands Containing Two Carboxylate Functional Groups and Studies on the Photolability of Coordinated NO. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 2014, 1454. <>
  • Govender Preshendren, Pai Sandesh, Schatzschneider Ulrich, Smith Gregory S.: Next Generation PhotoCORMs: Polynuclear Tricarbonylmanganese(I)-Functionalized Polypyridyl Metallodendrimers. Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52, 5470. <>
  • Atta Sanghamitra, Ikbal Mohammed, Boda Nishitha, Gauri Samiran S., Singh N. D. Pradeep: Photoremovable protecting groups as controlled-release device for sex pheromone. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2013, 12, 393. <>
  • Piñero-Santiago Luis E., García Carmelo, Lhiaubet-Vallet Virginie, Trzcionka Jerome, Oyola Rolando, Torres Karen, Leguillú Jaysika, Miranda Miguel A.: Photooxidation Mechanism of Levomepromazine in Different Solvents. Photochem Photobiol 2013, 89, 1479. <>
  • Ghosh Kaushik, Kumar Sushil, Kumar Rajan, Singh Udai P.: Ruthenium(III) Cyclometalates Obtained by Site-Specific Orthometallation and Their Reactivity with Nitric Oxide: Photoinduced Release and Estimation of NO Liberated from the Ruthenium Nitrosyl Complexes. Euro J Inorg Chem 2012, 2012, 929. <>
  • Gatto E., Porchetta A., Scarselli M., De Crescenzi M., Formaggio F., Toniolo C., Venanzi M.: Playing with Peptides: How to Build a Supramolecular Peptide Nanostructure by Exploiting Helix···Helix Macrodipole Interactions. Langmir 2012, 28, 2817. <>
  • Scarselli M., Camilli L., Matthes L., Pulci O., Castrucci P., Gatto E., Venanzi M., De Crescenzi M.: Photoresponse from noble metal nanoparticles-multi walled carbon nanotube composites. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2012, 101, 241113. <>
  • Gatto Emanuela, Caruso Mario, Porchetta Alessandro, Toniolo Claudio, Formaggio Fernando, Crisma Marco, Venanzi Mariano: Photocurrent generation through peptide-based self-assembled monolayers on a gold surface: antenna and junction effects. J Peptide Sci 2011, 17, 124. <>
  • Langford C.H., Achari G., Izadifard M.: Wavelength dependence of luminescence and quantum yield in dechlorination of PCBs. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 2011, 222, 40. <>
  • Scarselli M, Castrucci P, Camilli L, Gobbo S Del, Casciardi S, Tombolini F, Gatto E, Venanzi M, Crescenzi M De: Influence of Cu nanoparticle size on the photo-electrochemical response from Cu–multiwall carbon nanotube composites. J of Inst Physics Nanotechnology 2011, 22, 035701. <>
  • Kassinos D., Varnava N., Michael C., Piera P.: Homogeneous oxidation of aqueous solutions of atrazine and fenitrothion through dark and photo-Fenton reactions. Chemosphere 2009, 74, 866. <>
  • García Carmelo, Piñero Luis, Oyola Rolando, Arce Rafael: Photodegradation of 2-chloro Substituted Phenothiazines in Alcohols. Photchem Photbio 2009, 85, 160. <>
  • Gatto Emanuela, Stella Lorenzo, Formaggio Fernando, Toniolo Claudio, Lorenzelli Leandro, Venanzi Mariano: Electroconductive and photocurrent generation properties of self-assembled monolayers formed by functionalized, conformationally-constrained peptides on gold electrodes. J Peptide Sci 2008, 14, 184. <>
  • Träger J., Härtner S., Heinzer J., Kim H.-C., Hampp N.: Two-photon-induced cycloreversion reaction of chalcone photodimers. chem phys letts 2008, 455, 307. <>
  • Datta A., Priyam A., Bhattacharyya S.N., Mukherjea K.K., Saha A.: Temperature tunability of size in CdS nanoparticles and size dependent photocatalytic degradation of nitroaromatics. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2008, 322, 128. <>
  • Gatto Emanuela, Venanzi Mariano, Palleschi Antonio, Stella Lorenzo, Pispisa Basilio, Lorenzelli Leandro, Toniolo Claudio, Formaggio Fernando, Marletta Giovanni: Self-assembled peptide monolayers on interdigitated gold microelectrodes. Material Science and Engineering C 2007, 27, 1309. <>
  • De Crescenzi M., Tombolini F., Scarselli M., Gobbo S. Del, Speiser E., Castrucci P., Diociaiuti M., Casciardi S., Gatto E., Venanzi M.: Visible and near ultraviolet photocurrent generation in carbon nanotubes. Surf Sei 2007, 601, 2810. <>
  • Amat-Guerri Francisco, Liras Marta, Carrascoso María Luisa, Sastre Roberto: Methacrylate-tethered Analogs of the Laser Dye PM567-Synthesis, Copolymerization with Methyl Methacrylate and Photostability of the Copolymers¶. Photochem Pholobiol 2007, 77, 577. <>
  • Rahn Ronald O., Stefan Mihaela I., Bolton James R., Goren Evan, Shaw Ping-Shine, Lykke Keith R.: Quantum Yield of the Iodide-Iodate Chemical Actinometer: Dependence on Wavelength and Concentration¶. Photochem Pholobiol 2007, 78, 146. <>
  • Manoj V.M., Mohan H., Aravind U.K., Aravindakumar C.T.: One-electron reduction of S-nitrosothiols in aqueous medium. Free Radic Biol Med 2006, 41, 1240. <>
  • Araya-Hernández Carmen G., Morales Raúl G.E.: Sulfur aromatic heterocycles: A new kind of solar ultraviolet-B radiation actinometers. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2006, 177, 125. <>
  • Blatchley Ernest R., Shen Chengyue, Naunovic Zorana, Lin Lian-Shin, Lyn Dennis A., Robinson J. Paul, Ragheb Katherine, Grégori Gérald, Bergstrom Donald E., Fang Shiyue, Guan Yousheng, Jennings Kristofer, Gunaratna Nilupa: Dyed Microspheres for Quantification of UV Dose Distributions: Photochemical Reactor Characterization by Lagrangian Actinometry. J. Environ. Eng. 2006, 132, 1390. <>
  • Jin Shanshan, Mofidi Alexander A., Linden Karl G.: Polychromatic UV Fluence Measurement Using Chemical Actinometry, Biodosimetry, and Mathematical Techniques. J. Environ. Eng. 2006, 132, 831. <>
  • Castrucci P., Tombolini F., Scarselli M., Speiser E., Del Gobbo S., Richter W., De Crescenzi M., Diociaiuti M., Gatto E., Venanzi M.: Large photocurrent generation in multiwall carbon nanotubes. Appl Phys Lett 2006, 89, 253107. <>
  • Canle López Moisés, Fernández M. Isabel, Rodríguez Santiago, Santaballa J. Arturo, Steenken Steen, Vulliet Emmanuelle: Mechanisms of Direct and TiO2-Photocatalysed UV Degradation of Phenylurea Herbicides. Chem Eur J of Chem Phys 2005, 6, 2064. <>
  • Yang Quan, Ling Ang Pei, Ray Madhumita B., Pehkonen Simo O.: Light distribution field in catalyst suspensions within an annular photoreactor. Chem Eng Set 2005, 60, 5255. <>
  • Adhikari C., Koutchma T., Beecham-Bowden T.: Evaluation of HHEVC (4, 4′, 4″-tris-di-B-hydroxyethyl aminotriphenylacetonitrile) dye as a chemical actinometer in model buffers for UV treatment of apple juice and cider. LWT — Food Science and Technology 2005, 38, 717. <>
  • Yang Quan, Pehkonen Simo O., Ray Madhumita B.: Performance Evaluation of Light Emission Models in Light Attenuating Media. Ozone Science & Engineering 2005, 27, 459. <>
  • Mohr Gerhard J., Grummt Ulrich-W.: Photochemistry of the amine-sensor dye 4-N,N-dioctylamino-4′-trifluoroacetylazobenzene. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2004, 163, 341. <>
  • Zhang Wenbing, Xiao Xianming, An Taicheng, Song Zhiguang, Fu Jiamo, Sheng Guoying, Cui Mingchao: Kinetics, degradation pathway and reaction mechanism of advanced oxidation of 4-nitrophenol in water by a UV/H2O2 process. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 2003, 78, 788. <>
  • Bolton James R., Linden Karl G.: Standardization of Methods for Fluence (UV Dose) Determination in Bench-Scale UV Experiments. J. Environ. Eng. 2003, 129, 209. <>
  • Zhang Wen-Bing, An Tai-Cheng, Xiao Xian-Ming, Fu Jia-Mo, Sheng Guo-Ying, Cui Ming-Chao: Photochemical Degradation Performance of Quinoline Aqueous Solution in the Presence of Hydrogen Peroxide. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A 2003, 38, 2599. <>
  • Amat-Guerri Francisco, Liras Marta, Luisa Carrascoso María, Sastre Roberto: Methacrylate-tethered Analogs of the Laser Dye PM567—Synthesis, Copolymerization with Methyl Methacrylate and Photostability of the Copolymers¶. Photchem Photbio 2003, 77, 577. <<0577:MAOTLD>2.0.CO;2>
  • Rahn Ronald O., Stefan Mihaela I., Bolton James R., Goren Evan, Shaw Ping-Shine, Lykke Keith R.: Quantum Yield of the Iodide–Iodate Chemical Actinometer: Dependence on Wavelength and Concentration¶. Photchem Photbio 2003, 78, 146. <<0146:QYOTIC>2.0.CO;2>
  • Schönleber Ralph O, Bendig Jürgen, Hagen Volker, Giese Bernd: Rapid photolytic release of cytidine 5′-diphosphate from a coumarin derivative: a new tool for the investigation of ribonucleotide reductases. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2002, 10, 97. <>
  • Itokazu Melina Kayoko, Polo André Sarto, de Faria Dalva Lúcia Araújo, Bignozzi Carlo Alberto, Iha Neyde Yukie Murakami: Syntheses and spectroscopic characterization of fac-[Re(CO)3(phen)(L)]PF6, L=trans- and cis-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene. Inorg Chim Ada 2001, 313, 149. <>
  • Tsuno Takashi, Hoshino Hidetaka, Okuda Rieko, Sugiyama Kunio: Allenyl(vinyl)methane photochemistry. Photochemistry of γ-(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1,2-butadienyl)-substituted α,β-unsaturated ester and nitrile derivatives. Tetrahedron 2001, 57, 4831. <>
  • Berroy P., Viriot M.L., Carré M.C.: Photolabile group for 5′-OH protection of nucleosides: synthesis and photodeprotection rate. Actuat B 2001, 74, 186. <>
  • Mallavia R, Sastre R, Amat-Guerri F: Photofragmentation and photoisomerization of O-acyl-α-oxooximes. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2001, 138, 193. <>
  • Cavaleiro José A.S., Görner Helmut, Lacerda Paula S.S., MacDonald J.Gavin, Mark Gertraud, Neves Maria G.P.M.S., Nohr Ronald S., Schuchmann Heinz-Peter, von Sonntag Clemens, Tomé Augusto C.: Singlet oxygen formation and photostability of meso-tetraarylporphyrin derivatives and their copper complexes. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2001, 144, 131. <>
  • Allen John M., Allen Sandra K., Baertschi Steven W.: 2-Nitrobenzaldehyde: a convenient UV-A and UV-B chemical actinometer for drug photostability testing. J  Pharm Biomed Anal 2000, 24, 167. <>
  • Yocis Brian H, Kieber David J, Mopper Kenneth: Photochemical production of hydrogen peroxide in Antarctic Waters. Deep-Sea Research Part 1 Oceanographic Research Papers 2000, 47, 1077. <>
  • Cottin Hervé, Gazeau Marie-Claire, Doussin Jean-François, Raulin François: An experimental study of the photodegradation of polyoxymethylene at 122, 147 and 193 nm. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 2000, 135, 53. <>
  • Braatz Heide, Hecht Stefan, Seifert Holger, Helm Siegrun, Bendig Jürgen, Rettig Wolfgang: Photochemistry and photophysics of donor-acceptor-polyenes. I: all-trans-4-dimethylamino-4′-cyano-1,4-diphenylbutadiene (DCB). J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1999, 123, 99. <>
  • Vincze László, Kemp Terence J, Unwin Patrick R: Flow actinometry in a thin film reactor: modeling and measurements. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1999, 123, 7. <>
  • Rubin Mordecai B, Kapon Moshe: Photochemistry of bicyclo[2.2.2]Octene-2,3-dione. Intersystem crossing via an excimer. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1999, 124, 41. <>
  • Ulvi Veikko: Spectrophotometric studies on the photostability of some thiazide diuretics in ethanolic solution. J  Pharm Biomed Anal 1998, 17, 77. <>
  • Laurch Christoph, Görner Helmut, Kuhn Hans Jochen: Photochemistry of 1- and 2-naphthylglyoxylic acid. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1998, 112, 29. <>
  • Kleverlaan Cornelis J., Stufkens Derk J.: Alkyl-dependent photochemistry of [Ru(i) (R) (co)2(α-diimine)] : homolysis of the Ru-R bond for R = bz and isomerisation for R = me. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1998, 116, 109. <>
  • Hagen Volker, Dzeja Claudia, Bendig Jürgen, Baeger Ingo, Benjamin Kaupp U.: Novel caged compounds of hydrolysis-resistant 8-Br-cAMP and 8-Br-cGMP: photolabile NPE esters. JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY 1998, 42, 71. <>
  • Serpone Nick: Relative photonic efficiencies and quantum yields in heterogeneous photocatalysis. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1997, 104, 1. <>
  • Nardello Véronique, Brault Daniel, Chavalle Pierre, Aubry Jean-Marie: Measurement of photogenerated singlet oxygen () in aqueous solution by specific chemical trapping with sodium 1,3-cyclohexadiene-1,4-diethanoate. JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY 1997, 39, 146. <>
  • Weigel Wilfried: A novel synthesis of α- and β-morpholino enones by electron transfer sensitized photooxidation of 2-morpholinocyclopropanols. Chem Commun 1997, 1893. <>
  • Rahn Ronald O.: Potassium Iodide as a Chemical Actinometer for 254 nm Radiation: Use of lodate as an Electron Scavenger. Photchem Photbio 1997, 66, 450. <>
  • Rossenaar Brenda D., Kleverlaan Cornelis J., Van De Ven Maartje C. E., Stufkens Derk J., VlčEk Antonín: Mechanism of an Alkyl-Dependent Photochemical Homolysis of the Re–Alkyl Bond in [Re(R)(CO)3(α-diimine)] Complexes via a Reactive σπ* Excited State. Chem Eur J 1996, 2, 228. <>
  • Mašková Eva, Vlěk Antonín: Excitation-energy dependent. photochemistry and resonance Raman spectra of Cr(CNPh)6. Inorg Chim Ada 1996, 242, 17. <>
  • Torniainen Kirsti, Tammilehto Seija, Ulvi Veikko: The effect of pH, buffer type and drug concentration on the photodegradation of ciprofloxacin. Int J of Pharmaceutics 1996, 132, 53. <>
  • Brusa M.A., Perissinotti L.J., Churio M.S., Colussi A.J.: Mechanism of chlorine dioxide photodissociation in condensed media. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1996, 101, 105. <>
  • Leigh William J., Postigo J. Alberto, Zheng K.C.: Cyclobutene photochemistry. Adiabatic photochemical ring opening of alkylcyclobutenes. Can J Chem 1996, 74, 951. <>
  • Harvey Pierre D., Provencher Réjean, Gagnon Jonathan, Zhang Tianle, Fortin Daniel, Hierso Karine, Drouin Marc, Socol Steve M.: Photoinduced oxidative degradation of unsaturated M3(dppm)3CO2+ clusters (M = Pd, Pt) by chlorocarbons and chloride ion. Can J Chem 1996, 74, 2268. <>
  • Churio M.S., Brusa M.A., Perissinotti L.J., Ghibaudi E., Coronel M.E.J., Colussi A.J.: ESR kinetic study of the photobleaching of chlorine dioxide solutions at 303, 365 and 436 nm. chem phys letts 1995, 232, 237. <>
  • Gahr A., Weil L., Nie&sBligner R.: Polychromatic actinometry with filter solutions. Water Research 1995, 29, 2125. <>
  • Pimienta V., Lavabre D., Levy G., Micheau J.C, Laplante J.P.: Bistable photochemical reactions. J Mol Liq 1995, 63, 121. <>
  • Görner Helmut, Fischer Christian, Daub Jörg: Photoreaction of dihydroazulenes into vinylheptafulvenes: photochromism of nitrophenyl-substituted derivatives. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1995, 85, 217. <>
  • Görner Helmut: Free radical chain mechanism in the acetone-sensitized photolysis of 5-bromouracil and derivatives in alcohol-water mixtures. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1995, 89, 147. <>
  • Haga Naoki, Takayanagi Hiroaki, Ogura Haruo, Kuriyama Yasunao, Tokumaru Katsumi: KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF PHOTOCYCLOADDITION OF DEOXYURIDINES TO 2,3-DIMETHYL-2-BUTENE. Photochem Pholobiol 1995, 61, 557. <>
  • Tsuno Takashi, Sugiyama Kunio: Allenyl (vinyl) methane Photochemistry. Photochemistry of 5- (2- ( 1 ,2-Propadienyl)-Substituted Alkylidene)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-diones. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 1995, 68, 3175. <>
  • Dias Palmira B., Teixeira Clementina, Dias Alberto R., de Alencar Simoni José, Martinho Simões José A.: Photomicrocalorimetry: Photosubstitution of carbonyl by phosphites in [Mn(η5-C5H4CH3)(CO)3]. J Organomet Chem 1994, 482, 111. <>
  • Nohr R.S., MacDonald J.G., Kogelschatz U., Mark G., Schuchmann H.-P., von Sonntag C.: Application of excimer incoherent-UV sources as a new tool in photochemistry: photodegradation of chlorinated dibenzodioxins in solution and adsorbed on aqueous pulp sludge. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1994, 79, 141. <>
  • Morigaki K., Liu Z. F., Hashimoto K., Fujishima A.: In-Situ Electrochemical Actinometry Using An Azo Monolayer Film. Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für physikalische Chemie 1993, 97, 860. <>
  • Kucybala Ździslaw, Pa̧czkowski Jerzy: Pyrazolone azomethine dyes as effective photoinitiators of free radical polymerization. Poly 1993, 34, 1558. <>
  • Morigaki K., Liu Z.F., Hashimoto K., Fujishima A.: Electrochemical counting of photon number using the assembled monolayer film of azo compound. Actuat B 1993, 13, 226. <>
  • Görner Helmut: Acetone-sensitized photolysis of 5-iodouracil and 5-iodouridine in aqueous solution in the presence of alcohols: free radical chain mechanism. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1993, 72, 197. <>
  • Schuster C., Bendig J., Luger P., Weber M., Koch A.: Through-space interaction and its influence on the photoreactivity of 2,4-di-(1,2-naphthoquinone-2-diazide-5-sulphonyl-oxy)-benzophenone. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1993, 69, 313. <>
  • Blaney Ruth, Al-Nakib Tahsin, Davies R. Jeremy H.: A FLUOROGENIC ACTINOMETER FOR NUCLEIC ACID PHOTOCHEMISTRY UTILIZING 1-DEAZAPURINE N(3)-OXIDES. Photchem Photbio 1993, 57, 380. <>
  • Lemaire Danielle G. E., Ruzsicska Béla P.: QUANTUM YIELDS AND SECONDARY PHOTOREACTIONS OF THE PHOTOPRODUCTS OF dTpdT, dTpdC AND dTpdU. Photchem Photbio 1993, 57, 757. <>
  • Bockisch Frank, Dreeskamp Herbert, Von Haugwitz Thilo, Tochtermann Werner: Photo Valence Isomerization of 8,9-Bis(N-cyclohexylcarbamoyloxymethyl)-[6]paracyclophane. Chem Ber 1991, 124, 1831. <>
  • Borderie B., Lavabre D., Levy G., Laplante J.P., Micheau J.C.: Single run benzophenone-benzhydrol actinometry in an exponential dilution photochemical microreactor. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1991, 56, 13. <>
  • Görner Helmut: Chromophore loss of uracil derivatives and polyuridylic acid in aqueous solution caused by 248 nm laser pulses and continuous UV irradiation: Mechanism of the photohydration of pyrimidines. JOURNAL OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY B-BIOLOGY 1991, 10, 91. <>
  • Teixeira Clementina, Wadsö Ingemar: A microcalorimetric system for photochemical processes in solution. K J CHEM THERMODYN 1990, 22, 703. <>
  • Mark Gertraud, Schuchmann Man Nien, Schuchmann Heinz-Peter, von Sonntag Clemens: The photolysis of potassium peroxodisulphate in aqueous solution in the presence of tert-butanol: a simple actinometer for 254 nm radiation. J Photochem Photobiol A Chem 1990, 55, 157. <>