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Pure Appl. Chem., 2012, Vol. 84, No. 6, pp. 1297-1315

Published online 2012-04-09

Recent insights into natural venoms

Daisuke Uemura1*, Chunguang Han2, Novriyandi Hanif2, Toshiyasu Inuzuka3, Norihito Maru1 and Hirokazu Arimoto4

1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kanagawa University, Tsuchiya 2946, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293, Japan
2 Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
3 Life Science Research Center, Gifu University, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu 501‑1193, Japan
4 Graduate School of Life Science, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Sendai, 981-8555, Japan

Abstract: Toxic substances that occur in nature have various structures and functions. In fact, the very novelty of their structures and functions sometimes extends far beyond the realm of human imagination, and the capabilities of these compounds are still largely untapped despite the major advances of modern science. In this report we focus on the most recent developments in this field, with a particular emphasis on natural venoms, marine sunscreen, and marine huge molecules.