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Pure Appl. Chem., 2010, Vol. 82, No. 4, pp. 1025-1032

Published online 2010-03-30

Radical-substituted dihydrophenazine radical cation salts: Molecular packing structure and bulk magnetic property

Yuki Masuda, Hirotaka Takeda, Masato Kuratsu, Shuichi Suzuki, Masatoshi Kozaki, Daisuke Shiomi, Kazunobu Sato, Takeji Takui and Keiji Okada*

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan

Abstract: Radical-substituted radical cation salts are exotic species that are potentially applicable as spin building blocks for molecular magnets. We recently found that these species, which are derived from a diphenyldihydrophenazine (DPP) framework, are stable under aerated conditions at room temperature. Of these species, nitronyl nitroxide (NN)-substituted DPP•+ tetrachloroferrate (NNDPP••+·FeCl4) showed antiferromagnetic interaction at low temperature (<150 K), whereas the tetrabromoferrate salt NNDPP••+·FeBr4 exhibited a magnetic phase transition at 6.7 K to produce a bulk ferrimagnet. Both salts had very similar molecular structures. The difference in the magnetic properties was ascribed to the difference in molecular packing structures. A significant difference in these two salts was observed at the (NNDPP••+)–(NNDPP••+) intermolecular contact, including the oxygen atom of the nitroxide moiety; NNDPP••+·FeCl4 had a serious antiferromagnetic O–O (nitroxide oxygen, 3.02 Å) intermolecular contact, whereas NNDPP••+·FeBr4 had a ferromagnetic O–HC (2.53 Å) intermolecular contact.