CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 8, pp. 1459-1471

Published online 2009-07-23

Microwaves and layered double hydroxides: A smooth understanding

Patricia Benito, Francisco M. Labajos and Vicente Rives*

GIR-QUESCAT, Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain

Abstract: Microwave-hydrothermal treatment (MWHT), a modification of conventional hydrothermal treatment, has been used during post-treatment of different layered double hydroxides (LDHs). In some cases, microwaves (MWs) have been used simultaneously with urea hydrolysis or for reconstruction of the LDH structure. The main advantages of replacing the conventional furnaces by MW ovens are a noticeable reduction in the time required to complete the process to obtain well-crystallized materials, and modification of their particle size distribution and textural and thermal properties. MW radiation leads to an increase in the rate of urea hydrolysis and consequently to fast precipitation of LDHs. Finally, the memory effect of Ni,Al-based LDHs is also improved.