CrossRef enabled

PAC Archives

Archive →

Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 11, pp. 2093-2105

Published online 2009-10-29

Effect of ozone on the structure and physicochemical properties of ultradisperse diamond and shungite nanocarbon elements

Natalia N. Rozhkova1*, Lyubov’ E. Gorlenko2, Galina I. Emel’yanova2, Anna Jankowska3, Michail V. Korobov2, Valery V. Lunin2 and Eiji Ōsawa4

1 Institute of Geology, Karelian Research Centre, RAS, Petrozavodsk 185910, Russia
2 Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
3 Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum and Coal, Wrocław University of Technology, 50-344 Wrocław, Poland
4 NanoCarbon Research Institute, Asama Research Extension Centre, Shinshu University, 3-15-1 Tokita, Ueda, Nagano 386-8567, Japan

Abstract: A comparative study of the effect of ozonization on the physicochemical properties of naturally and synthetically generated nanocarbon materials, shungite carbon (ShC) and ultra-disperse diamond (UDD) after special treatment in the form of monodisperse single nano-diamond particulates (mdsn-D), that have a similar two-level structural pattern (hierarchical system structure) and curved graphene shells or their fragments contribute to the formation of the structure and surface properties of both ShC and mdsn-D particles, was conducted. The ozonization kinetics of ShC and mdsn-D showed their high catalytic activity during ozone decomposition. Upon ozonization, the graphene shell is removed selectively from the surface of the diamond core of mdsn-D, as shown by Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and derivatography data. A distinctive characteristic of ShC is a substantial change in structural parameters upon ozonization: structural porosity increases and the size of coherent scatter domains decreases in the direction perpendicular to graphene layers [as shown by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) data], which agrees with adsorption experiments that showed an increase in ultramicroporosity and mesoporosity upon ozonization of ShC. The molecular probe technique was used to monitor changes in microporosity of ShC and mdsn-D.