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Pure Appl. Chem., 2007, Vol. 79, No. 7, pp. 1153-1344


Glossary of terms used in toxicology, 2nd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)

John H. Duffus1, Monica Nordberg2 and Douglas M. Templeton3

1 The Edinburgh Centre for Toxicology, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
2 Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
3 Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Abstract: This glossary, a revision of the IUPAC "Glossary for Chemists of Terms Used in Toxicology" [Pure Appl. Chem. 65, 2003 (1993)] incorporating new and redefined terms from the "Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicokinetics" [Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1033 (2004)], contains definitions and explanatory notes, if needed, for terms frequently used in the multidisciplinary field of toxicology. The glossary is compiled primarily for those scientists and others who now find themselves working in toxicology or requiring a knowledge of the subject, especially for hazard and risk assessment. Many medical terms are included because of their frequent occurrence in the toxicological literature. There are three annexes, one containing a list of abbreviations and acronyms used in toxicology, one containing a list of abbreviations and acronyms used by international bodies and by legislation relevant to toxicology and chemical safety, and one describing the classification of carcinogenicity according to the weight of evidence available.