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Pure Appl. Chem., 2005, Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 41-51

Biological activity from indigenous medicinal plants of Mauritius

A. Gurib-Fakim*, H. Subratty, F. Narod, J. Govinden-Soulange and F. Mahomoodally

Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

The Mauritian population has a long tradition in the use of ethno-medicine, and the practice is still strong, especially in the treatment of minor ailments. Such interest stems from an existing culture, and many “tisanes” are still prepared from plant materials and sold in several markets around the island.
This paper will focus on the various chemical/biological screening techniques currently being used to evaluate the biological properties of medicinal plant extracts. Particular emphasis will be put on extraction and various screening for biological/pharmacological properties. Due consideration will be given to the pharmacological approaches that utilize different animal models for the in vitro and in vivo screening of medicinal plant extracts.