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Pure Appl. Chem., 2003, Vol. 75, No. 8, pp. 1097-1106


Minimum requirements for reporting analytical data for environmental samples (IUPAC Technical Report)

Hans Egli1*, Manos Dassenakis2, Hemda Garelick3, René van Grieken4, W. J. G. M. Peijnenburg5, Leo Klasinc6, Werner Kördel7, Nick Priest3 and Tania Tavares8

1 Syngenta Crop Protection AG, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
2 University of Athens, Department of Chemistry, GR-15 771 Athens, Greece
3 Middlessex University, School of Health and Social Sciences, London, N11 2NQ, UK
4 Universitaire Instelling Antwerpen, Departement Scheikunde, B-2610 Antwerpen, Belgium
5 RIVM, Laboratory for Ecotoxicology, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
6 Rudjer Boskovic Institute, HR-10001 Zagreb, Croatia
7 Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, D-57377 Schmallenberg, Germany
8 Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Química, 40.170-290 Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

Abstract: In view of the significance of environmental analytical data, it is essential that the quality of both sampling strategy and analysis be assured and that procedures used, as well as all relevant additional information, are reported. There is a minimum level of information required in order to guarantee the fitness-for-use of the data. Emanating from discussions on the fundamental problems of the analysis of environmental samples for chemical or biological contaminants, a general guidance is given regarding the minimum information that should be provided to adequately describe the sampling strategy, method of sampling, sample properties, handling between sampling and analysis (including storage conditions, pretreatments, homogenization, subsampling), and the analytical methodology (including calculation and validation procedures). Special attention and specific guidance are given for the environmental compartments soil, pore water, groundwater, inland surface water, sediment, seawater, precipitation water, and air.