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Pure Appl. Chem., 2002, Vol. 74, No. 9, pp. 1509-1517

Sonochemistry as a tool for preparation of porous metal oxides

D. N. Srivastava, N. Perkas, A. Zaban and A. Gedanken*

Department of Chemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan-52900, Israel

Abstract: The porous metal oxides are an important class of materials, because the surface area/volume ratio of a material is increased by many fold, making them very useful in surface-related applications. The mesoporous materials were discovered in the 1990s, and since then they have been excellent candidates for materials science research. These mesoporous materials are prepared by hydrolyzing the inorganic precursor (usually metal alkoxide) in an acid, basic, or neutral medium in the presence of an organic structure-directing agent, the surfactant, in a conventional method. Recently, we have demonstrated that the sonochemical technique can be employed for the synthesis of mesoporous metal oxides. The sonochemical method reduced the time period required for such synthesis by many fold, and also produced more stable structures. We got excellent results with silica, titania, yittria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), and Fe2O3. We also used an inorganic precursor other than an alkoxide for the preparation of mesoporous metal oxides. In this article, we present some of the recent results on this topic.