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Pure Appl. Chem., 2001, Vol. 73, No. 6, pp. 969-992


Part B. Retention parameters in gas chromatograpy

José Antonio García Domínguez1 and José Carlos Díez-Masa2

1 Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano", CSIC, Serrano, 119. 28006 Madrid, Spain
2 Institute of Organic Chemistry, CSIC, Juan de la Cierva, 3. 28006 Madrid, Spain

The paper presents a revision of terms in the IUPAC "Nomenclature for Chromatography", Pure and Applied Chemistry, 65, 819-872, 1993. The terms revised pertain to hold-up volumes in gas, liquid, and supercritical-fluid chromatography, as well as to basic retention parameters, especially in gas chromatography. A number of related and derived definitions are described, including definitions of the terms "chromatographic process" and "chromatographic phase system". A number of the original terms were found to be misleading or superfluous, including such terms as corrected retention time, net retention time, total retention volume (time), and specific retention volume at 0 °C, and their use is strongly discouraged
In Part A, the concept of the hold-up volume in chromatography is discussed. The paper also compares methods described in the literature to determine the hold-up volume.
In Part B, retention parameters in gas chromatography are discussed with the aim of (i) emphasizing the physical meaning of the terms and (ii) specifying the temperatures and pressures for the terms for gas volumes and flow rates.
The appendix presents revised recommendations for the terminology of some items, as well as those that are not recommended.