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Pure Appl. Chem., 1999, Vol. 71, No. 1, pp. 161-171

Bioremediation of Oil on Shoreline Environments: Development of Techniques and Guidelines

Kenneth Lee1 and Xavier Merlin2

1 Fisheries and Oceans, Maurice Lamontagne Institute, P.O. Box 1000, Mont-Joli, Quebec, G5H 3Z4, Canada
2 Centre de documentation de recherche et d'experimentations sur les pollutions accidentelles des eaux (CEDRE), B.P. 72, 29280 Plouzane, France

Abstract: Over the last 20 years, the development of operational procedures to accelerate the natural biodegradation rates of oil spilled on shoreline environments has been the focus of numerous research programs. As a result, bioremediation has been demonstrated to be an effective oil spill countermeasure for use in cobble, sand beach, salt marsh, and mudflat environments. Today, studies are directed towards improving the efficacy and evaluating the ecological impacts of available bioremediation agents and/or procedures. This review describes the latest developments in bioremediation strategies and their key success factors.